Chamber Works by Paul Ben-Haim (1897-1984)
"Music in Exile" Vol. 1
Chandos Records CHAN10769
ARC Ensemble
(Artists of the Royal Conservatory)
Royal Conservatory of Music’s Koerner Hall in Toronto
Recorded 14-16 January 2013
Released 3 June 2013
Benjamin Bowman, violin (1-3)
Erika Raum, violin (7-8, 9-11, 12-14)
Marie Bérard, violin (9-11)
Steven Dann, viola (1-3, 4-5, 9-11)
Bryan Epperson, cello (1-3, 9-11)
David Loule, piano (1-3)
Dianne Werner, piano (4-5, 6, 7-8, 12-14)
Joaquin Valdepeñas, clarinet (9-11)
1. - 3. Piano Quartet, Op. 4 in C minor - in c-Moll - en ut mineur (1920-21) (To Herrmann Zilcher) (premiere recording) 29:19
I Allegro moderato, ma energico - Appassionato - Beruhigen - 11:1
II Ruhiges Tempo I - Zurückhalten - Tempo I - Poco a poco tranquillo - Adagio molto espressivo - Tempo d'un marcia funebre 8:46
III Con lamento - Tempo I - Marcia funebre - Molto adagio - Un poco grave - Tempo giusto - Un poco sostenuto - Tempo I - Etws zurückhaltend - Ritenuto - Ancora più lento 9:14
4.-  5. Two Landscapes, for Viola and Piano Op. 27 (Shtei Temunot Nof) (1939) 8:43
I The Hills of Judea (Harei yehudah) Molto sostenuto e solenne - [ ] - Tempo I 5:31
II The Spring (Hama'ayan). Allegretto scherzando - [ ] - Tempo I 3:08
6. Canzonetta (1944)
No. 4 from Five Pieces for Piano, Op. 34 Andante affettuoso - Adagio
7.-  8. Improvisation and Dance, Op. 30 for Violin and Piano (1939) ('To Zino Francescatti) 8:19
I Molto rubato - Andantino lusingando - 4:02
II Più tranquillo (come prima) - Allegro grazioso - Più Allegro - Largamente, con languidezza - Sempre tranquillo - Presto - Meno mosso - Presto con fuoco 4:17
9.-11. Quintet, Op. 31a for Clarinet and String Quartet (1941, revised 1965)
Dedicated to Alberto Hemsi
I Molto moderato - [ ] - Tempo I - Un poco più vivo - Un poco allargando 8:28
II Capriccio. Molto vivo - Un poco più tranquillo - Ancora più calmo - Tempo I (molto vivo) - Più tranquillo - Ancora più calmo - Tempo I (molto vivo) 6:51
III Tema con variazioni
  • Tema. Sostenuto e dolce
  • Variazione
    • Variazione I. Lo stesso movimento
    • Variazione II. Molto grazioso
    • Variazione III. Più calmo
    • Variazione IV. Allegretto, poco a poco accelerando - Allegro - Più allegro - Con fuoco
    • Variazione V. Adagio assai e misterioso
Bonus only available from mp3 downloading (*)
12.-14. Three Songs Without Words for Violin and Piano 9:09
I Arioso 3:45
II Ballad 2:40
III Sephardic Melody 3:24

"This is Volume 1 in a new chamber series which explores the music of composers who were forced to flee Europe during the 1930s. The survey begins with works by the German-born Jewish composer Paul Ben-Haim (né Frankenburger) who immigrated to Palestine in October 1933. Ben-Haim was an accomplished pianist, conductor, choral coach, and composer who made a significant cultural contribution to his adoptive country. The list of musicians who commissioned, performed, and recorded his music includes Yehudi Menuhin, Itzhak Perlman, Menahem Pressler, and Leonard Bernstein. Among the Israeli composers he taught are Eliahu Inbal, Avraham Sternklar, Noam Sheriff, and Shulamit Ran.
The Piano Quartet was completed in Munich during the summer of 1921, long before any thought of emigration. Until the ARC Ensemble’s performance of the work in 2012, it had not been played since a broadcast in July 1932. It it strongly rooted in the music of Brahms, Strauss, Reger, and Fauré, whilst retaining Ben-Haim’s own strength of ideas, sense of form, and bold, confident use of colour.
By the late 1930s / early 1940s, Ben-Haim’s musical language had adapted to life in Palestine, and we find strong Hebraic elements scattered throughout both the Two Landscapes and Improvisation and Dance. The ‘Canzonetta’ is the fourth of the composer’s Five Pieces for Piano, and a direct descendent of the nineteenth century’s Song without Words.
The amalgamation of Eastern and Western influences in Ben-Haim’s life are beautifully realised in the Clarinet Quintet. While the European technique originates in the two mainstays of the clarinet’s chamber repertoire, the quintets by Brahms and Mozart, the ‘Capriccio’ in the Scherzo is a complete quotation of ‘Elohei Tzidki’ (God of my righteousness), a traditional hymn. ‘I was very satisfied,’ wrote the composer, ‘because I felt that I had succeeded in consolidating a new style.’
Over the last ten years the ARC Ensemble (Artists of The Royal Conservatory, Toronto) has become one of Canada’s pre-eminent cultural ambassadors, raising international appreciation of The Royal Conservatory and Canada’s rich musical life. Its first two CDs, On the Threshold of Hope and Right through the Bone (devoted respectively to the music of Mieczysław Weinberg and Julius Röntgen), were both nominated for Grammy Awards in the ‘Best Chamber Music Recording’ category. Its recordings enjoy regular airplay around the world, and its concerts have been broadcast on CBC Radio, National Public Radio in the US, and on public radio throughout Europe."

(*) 10769M